What is Nickel?
The chemical element is a hard and ductile metal with a small trace of gold. The symbol of nickel in the table of periodic elements is Ni with an atomic number of 28. In its pure form, it is powdered to reach its maximum reactive surface area. On the other hand, the larger pieces of nickel react slower with air.
What Types of Industrial Uses Does it Have
The properties of nickel make the chemical element highly desirable for mixing with other metals. Nickel is an essential ingredient in the production of alloys. When combined with the other naturally occurring elements, it produces high-quality steel.
How Does Nickel Get into Your Drinking Water?
Nickel can get into your drinking water when released into the environment by improper waste management, leakage, and runoff. It can also get into water systems from power plants, trash incinerators, and large furnaces used to produce the metal alloy. The chemical element is often found in water systems near industrial settings. Companies must have proper waste disposal of the chemical element to prevent environmental disasters.
What Are the Health Risks Associated with Nickel?
According to studies, exposure to high doses of nickel in drinking water may lead to health problems since it becomes highly carcinogenic. Nickel in bathing water may also cause skin irritation and hypersensitivity. Acute exposure to the contaminant in drinking water may cause kidney problems. In smaller amounts, the chemical element is harmless to humans since it is an essential nutrient in our diet.
How Common is Nickel in Water?
According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the chemical element is found in 882 of the 1,662 NPL sites in the country. It is fast becoming a serious health threat in the United States due to its continuous releases to the environment.
What is the EPA’s Standards for Nickel in Drinking Water
The Environmental Protection Agency has declared an MCL and MCLG of 0.1 mg/L for the contaminant nickel. Concentration levels higher than the promulgated levels by the EPA must be addressed right away to prevent threats to public health.
What is the Best Reduction Media for Removing Nickel from Drinking Water
There are several ways to remove the contaminant from your drinking water. First and foremost, you must know the level of concentration of nickel in your feed water before you take the necessary action. Since there are several treatment methods including GAC adsorption, Reverse Osmosis, coagulation, and the use of water filter systems, you must understand how these removal methods work to get the best result.
The installation of a filter system can help remove the pollutant from your drinking water. AquaOx whole house filter system helps screen impurities and contaminants including nickel to protect your loved ones from the health effects of the pollutant. The effective water treatment system will filter all the water throughout your home and may last for more than 20 years with minimal maintenance. Get a water filter system set up in your home today, and enjoy high-quality, fresh, and clean drinking water for the rest of your days!
|Chemical Names:||Nickel(2+); Nichel; Nickel, ion (Ni2+); NICKEL (II) ION; Ni++; Ni2+|
|Molecular Weight:||58.693 g/mol|
|Substance Registry:||FDA UNII|
Nickel is a solid, silver-white, hard, malleable transition metal with an atomic number of 28. It resists corrosion even at high temperatures. It is present in many alloys in widespread use, including stainless steels. It may also be present as an impurity in any alloy. Nickel is used in the production of coins, jewellery, and nickel–cadmium batteries, and as a catalyst for the hydrogenation of liquid oils to solid fats such as oleomargarine and vegetable shortening. Nickel-containing dental alloys continue to be used successfully in the provision of various forms of dental care. Many of these alloys have applications in the construction of restorations designed to remain in clinical service for many years, including crowns, fixed bridgework, and removable partial dentures. Furthermore, nickel containing alloys find extensive application in orthodontics, including metallic brackets, arch wires, bands, springs and ligature wires. Many instruments and devises, for example, endodontic instruments also contain nickel. Allergic responses are mediated through the immune system. In a sensitized individual, allergic responses can be initiated by relatively small amounts of the allergen; for example, if nickel ions are released from a nickel plated material following direct and prolonged contact with the skin. Individuals are first sensitized to the allergen. Subsequent exposures, if sufficiently high, may then result in an allergic reaction. A number of allergens are used in the clinical practice of dentistry, notably eugenol, mercury, nickel, chromium, cobalt, components of resin-based materials and a host of other chemical agents. The majority of dental allergies, including allergic responses to nickel-containing dental alloys, comprise Type IV hypersensitivity reactions, cell-mediated by T-lymphocytes. Physiologically, it exists as an ion in the body. (PMID: 17243350, 16405986).
Source: Human Metabolome Database (HMDB)
Record Name: Nickel
Description: The Human Metabolome Database (HMDB) is a freely available electronic database containing detailed information about small molecule metabolites found in the human body.